Philosophers Toolkit (book review)

أنهيت الآن هذا الكتاب – وهو كتاب على شكل دليل عملي وملخص لأهم المصطلحات والنظريات الفلسفية. الطريقة الأفضل للمهتمين في هذه المواضيع هو العودة إلى النظرية أو المفهوم المقصود عند الحاجة. قررت شخصياً أن أقرأه بشكل متكامل لأعلم أهم ما تعرض له. كتاب غني ومعمول بطريقة لطيفة حول الفلسفة لغير المتخصصين في الفلسفة ويعطي أمثلة قريبة لنا ولحياتنا اليومية – هل يمكن أن تتخيلوا كتاب يشرح نظرية فلسفية قديمة حول الجوهر والثانوني مستخدمين مثال المغنية مادونا التي غيرت في نهجها الموسيقي دون أن يتغير جوهرها؟!

Interesting book for non-philosophers about philosophy. It is easy to read, in small chapters; well organized and cross-listed in a practical way. I do not recommend to do what I did – read it all together – unless you love philosophy. Otherwise, you can refer to the book whenever you need to know more about a theory or a concept in philosophy.

Enjoy.Here are some quotes.

One cannot assume what one is trying to argue for. (The Philosopher’s Toolkit p.4)

“[T]he notion of validity is content-blind… validity is determined by the argument having a solid, deductive structure.” (The Philosopher’s Toolkit p.13)

“[S]tarting with truth doesn’t guarantee that one ends with it.” (The Philosopher’s Toolkit p.15)

“Philosophy is not just about saying things that are true; it is about making true claims that are grounded in good arguments.” (The Philosopher’s Toolkit p.17).

“Cogito ergo sum
Je pense donc je suis
I think therefor I am
The basic idea of Descartes (1596-1650) (The Philosopher’s Toolkit p.31)

An example of what constitutes a paradox in philosophy: “This statement is false” If it is true then it is false and if it is false then it is true. (The Philosopher’s Toolkit, p.108)

“[I]f your conclusions contradict common sense, then so much for common sense; if the conflict with received philosophical opinion, then too bad for received opinion; but if they should deny the very facts of our experience, then you must assign your conclusions to the flames.” (The Philosopher’s Toolkit p.123, paraphrasing Richard Feynman)

“Isaiah Berlin said that philosophers are adults who persist in asking childish questions.”
(The Philosopher’s Toolkit, p.205)

“[J]ust because a theory can fit the evidence doesn’t mean it must be right.” (The Philosopher’s Toolkit, p.212)

#2018_resolution 7th_book

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