State of necessity is used in international law to preclude the wrongfulness of a state’s action which is in prima facie violation of international law. It has a recognized presence in criminal and civil law, and is recognized in the civil law tradition and in the common law tradition, where an actor, confronted with two options, may choose the lesser evil—even if in violation of the law.
Keywords: #International_law; #State_of_emergency; #National_security; #State_of_necessity; #Revolution; #Terrorism.
Khalil, Asem. State of Necessity. In: The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, February 2018.
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